Borobudur Temple is certainly familiar to you. This temple is referred to as the largest Buddhist temple complex in Indonesia, even the world's largest. UNESCO designated it as one of the world heritage sites in 1991. Aside from being a world cultural heritage, Borobudur Temple is also one of the tourist attractions that attracts many domestic and foreign tourists.

The walls of Borobudur Temple are decorated with 1,460 relief panels with a length of 2 meters each. These relief panels tell about the level of Buddha's life. Relief at the bottom of the temple is called "Kamadathu" which tells about bad man's behavior filled with the passions of the world and made him go to hell. The middle part relief called "Rapadathu" tells the story of humans who are free from the passions of the world, while the top relief is "Arupadhatu". This relief illustrates the highest level of achievement in which the gods reside.

In addition to the three reliefs, there are actually relief panels in the lower part of the buried temple. According to historians, the buried relief is called 'Karmawibhangga'. This is the relief that tells about the lowest level of humans. This relief depicts the bad behavior of humans who follow their passions such as killing, gossiping and raping. Even mentioned there is a picture of a husband and wife relationship. The burial of the relief panel has two reasons, namely because the relief is considered impolite and because of the effort to strengthen the temple to stand still.

Borobudur Temple is referred to as one of the greatest masterpieces of man in history. The arrangement of the volcanic beams and their relief sculptures is an incomparable value of art. These tourist attractions are also evidence of the progress of ancient human civilization in the fields of architecture, technology and literary arts.

In this complex there are two museums, namely the Ocean Raksa Museum and the Karmawibhangga Museum. Samudera Raksa Museum contains various collections and information about the history of Asian-African trade in ancient times, while the Karmawibhangga Museum contains information about the construction of the Borobudur Temple.

Not only the temple buildings that attract attention, but also the surrounding natural scenery. On the south side of the temple is Bukit Manoreh which, if seen its shape resembles a person in a sleeping position. Besides Manoreh Hill, there are still Sumbing Mountain, Sindoro Mountain, Merbabu Mountain, and Merapi Mountain which surround this magnificent building.

History of Borobudur Temple

Borobudur Temple is estimated to have begun to be built during the Syailendra Dynasty around the 9th century under the reign of King Samaratungga. The architect built a temple complex called Gunadharma which managed to design this extraordinary building despite not knowing computer systems and other sophisticated technology. The construction of the largest temple complex can be completed around 50-70 years later. The name Borobudur comes from the Sanskrit language 'Uhr Buddhist Monastery' which means Buddhist Monastery on the Hill.

At that time, Borobudur Temple became the center of the largest religious activity. Until the influx of Islamic influence in the 15th century. This temple was abandoned by people who turned to Islam. Borobudur is increasingly forgotten when the eruption of Mount Merapi makes it buried in volcanic ash.

In 1814, Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles revealed the existence of the Borobudur Temple after being informed of the existence of a large building buried in volcanic ash. Not only buried in volcanic ash, the condition of the temple when found was also filled with bushes.

Since it was rediscovered, the restoration and various reconstruction efforts of the temple were carried out from the British, Dutch colonies until the time when Indonesia was independent. With assistance from UNESCO and cultural history experts from various parts of the world, Indonesia continues to improve the condition of Borobudur Temple. After more than ten centuries of being refined and poorly maintained, this temple complex has remained firmly established today.

What can be done at Borobudur Temple?
There are so many things you can do while in the largest Buddhist temple complex in the world, including:

Study literary and cultural arts
If you like literary and cultural art, being at Borobudur Temple will certainly be an exciting experience. You can read and observe the relief panels drawn on the walls of the temple.

Photo hunting
This tourist spot offers a lot of interesting photo objects for you, photography enthusiasts. Try going around this temple complex and find the right angle for taking pictures. Borobudur Temple is also known for its beautiful views of sunrise and sunset

Hunt for souvenirs
It feels incomplete if you visit a tourist place without buying a special souvenir. You can buy various items ranging from hats, t-shirts, bags, key chains.

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